Wine bottles come in many shapes and sizes. Volumes range from .1875 liters all the way up to 30 (!) liters. Many of the names have Biblical origins.
Here’s a comprehensive look at wine bottle sizes, including the bottle names, origin of the name, volume of each, and a mapping to the equivalent number of “standard bottles,” explained further below.
Wine Bottle Sizes
The chart below expresses the sizes of various wine bottles in multiples relating to a standard bottle of wine, which is 0.75 litres (750ml.) (0.1981 U.S. gal; 0.1650 imp gal) .
|Bottle Name||Name’s Origin||Champagne||Bordeaux||Burgundy||Volume
|Equivalent standard bottles|
|Piccoloa||“Small” in Italian||¼||n/a||n/a||0.1875|
|Chopine||Traditional French unit of volume||n/a||⅓||n/a||0.250|
|Demib||“Half” in French||½||½||½||0.375|
|Jenniec||“White Spirit” in Welsh||n/a||n/a||n/a||0.5|
|Fifthe||One-fifth of a U.S. gallon||n/a||n/a||n/a||0.757|
|Jeroboamg||Biblical, First king of Northern Kingdom||4||6||4||3.0/4.5|
|Franzia||The Wine Group||n/a||n/a||n/a||5.0|
|Rehoboam||Biblical, First king of separate Judea||6||n/a||6||4.5|
|Methuselah||Biblical, Oldest Man||8||n/a||8||6.0|
|Mordechai||Biblical, Jewish uncle of Esther Queen of Persia||12||n/a||12||9.0|
|Salmanazar||Biblical, Assyrian King||12||n/a||12||9.0|
|Balthazar||Early Christian folklore, one of the Wise Men||16||16||16||12.0|
|Nebuchadnezzar||Biblical, King of Babylon||20||20||20||15.0|
|Melchior||Early Christian folklore, one of the Wise Men||24||24||24||18.0|
|Solomon||Biblical, King of Israel, Son of David||26⅔||n/a||n/a||20.0|
|Melchizedek||Biblical and other middle-east religions||40||n/a||n/a||30.0|
a Also known as a quarter bottle, pony, snipe or split.
b Also known as a half bottle or split.
c Also known as a 50 cl bottle. Used for Tokaj, Sauternes, Jerez, as well as several other types of sweet wines.
d Primarily used for vin jaune.
e For many years, the U.S. standard (non-metric) wine and liquor bottle was the “fifth”, meaning one-fifth of a U.S. gallon, or 25.6 U.S. fluid ounces (757.1 ml; 26.65 imp fl oz) . Some beverages also came in half-gallon and one-gallon sizes. disp=or In 1979, the U.S. adopted the metric system for wine bottles, with the basic bottle becoming 75 cl, as in Europe.
f Also known as a Tregnum or Tappit Hen in the port wine trade.
g Jeroboam has different meanings for different regions in France.
|Standard Racks||Bottle Width|
|Split (375ml):||2 3/8 “|
|Bordeaux:||2 7/8 “|
|750ml Boutique:||3 1/8 “|
|Small Champagne:||3 3/16″||
|Large Pinot:||3 3/8″|
|Large Champagne:||3 7/8″|
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